Alaska Shouldn’t Be ‘The Last Frontier’ When It Comes to Protecting Women from a Heinous Human Rights Violation

Young Females in This State Remain at ‘Perilous Risk’ to Trauma, Says #EndFGMToday

September 8, 2020

Washington, D.C.—Eleven states in our nation still have not acted to protect vulnerable young women from a vicious form of child abuse.

While significant progress has been made in the U.S. to eliminate an abhorrent practice known as FGM—female genital mutilation—it is still legal as of now, shockingly, in Alaska and 10 other states.

All other states have taken decisive legislative action to outlaw the repugnant procedure. It is high time for these 11 holdout states to protect women and girls from the horrors of FGM, says EndFGMToday.

“Real children across our country are at perilous risk to the trauma and damage of female genital mutilation—and FGM truly is a form of child abuse,” says internationally renowned attorney and child welfare advocate Elizabeth Yore, who heads EndFGMToday. It is why, she says, “we are urging all state legislatures to help protect girls from this painful and barbaric procedure.”

Elected officials in Alaska and elsewhere will be able to vote on legislation this fall and winter prohibiting FGM (the last FGM bill on record in Alaska—HB 245—stalled in committee during the 2017-2018 legislative session). Sadly, more than half a million women and girls are at risk of FGM in the United States. Some state legislatures had been moving forward on laws banning the barbaric practice, but the COVID-19 crisis delayed the legislative process.

“Eleven states in America currently do not have laws to prohibit female genital mutilation, and that’s 11 states too many,” Yore emphasizes. “Essentially, this means that nearly a quarter of our states are giving a legal pass to those who carry out and permit this brutal procedure on girls as young as the age of five.”

“FGM leaves physical and emotional scars for a lifetime,” Yore adds. Unfortunately, she knows this too well, as her group “works closely with women in their 50s and 60s who still deal with the side effects and traumatic memories today.”

States must create their own laws against the despicable practice, as a federal ban on it was struck down as unconstitutional in 2018 by a district court judge.

In 2020 so far, a handful of states—including Massachusetts, Kentucky, and Wyoming—have finalized anti-FGM legislation. On August 6, Massachusetts Gov. Charlie Baker signed H4606 into law (it takes effect in November). In Kentucky, Gov. Andy Beshear signed SB 72 into law on April 2. In Wyoming, HB0127 sailed through the legislative process and Gov. Mark Gordon signed the bill on March 13.

EndFGMToday suggests the following key ways that states can prioritize proposed anti-FGM laws. States should do the following:

  • Examine the forthright actions of other states to fight this tragic form of child abuse. The AHA Foundation grades states based on the strength of their anti-FGM laws.
  • Use the Population Reference Bureau to research the number of women and girls in each state who remain at terrible risk for FGM.
  • Check EndFGMToday’s state map showing the states that haven’t yet passed anti-FGM legislation.

The 11 states that currently remain without anti-FGM laws are Alabama, Alaska, Connecticut, Hawaii, Indiana, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, and Washington.

Yore points out that female genital mutilation is a human rights violation, as recognized by both the World Health Organization and the United Nations. Additionally, over 200 million women worldwide have been victims of this cruel practice—and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that more than 500,000 girls are at risk in the U.S. alone. Sadly, the United States is not among those nations that have outlawed FGM. Yore says this is why state laws criminalizing FGM must remain an urgent priority.

Elizabeth Yore has spent 30 years in legal child advocacy. Prior to her work at, she served as Special Counsel at Harpo, Inc., as Oprah Winfrey’s child advocate. She was also General Counsel at the Illinois Department of Children and Family Services for eight years, as well as General Counsel at the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children.

Visit for a state-by-state map that glaringly highlights those states that do not yet have anti-FGM laws. Learn more about FGM at or on social media at #EndFGMToday.


To interview Elizabeth Yore of #EndFGMToday, contact, Patrick Benner, 610.584.1096, ext. 104, or Deborah Hamilton, ext. 102.